Status: Least Concern
Range & Habitat
Central and South American Tropical Rainforests. Has been introduced to Hawaii.
Macaws have a very strong, hooked bill and flexible tongue to open nuts was well as preen. Their bill acts as a third foot to help them climb. They have two rear toes and two front toes to use for perching and for holding and manipulating food. Like humans, macaws can be left footed or right footed. Their long tails are used for display and signaling. They have the ability to mimic voices, which may be the way that young parrots learn to communicate in the wild.
Macaws fly in pairs, family groups and small flocks, one bird acting as a sentinel. When danger comes near, the flock falls silent and then all at once takes off with a loud and confusing array of color and noise. This often will startle the predator and save the parrots from danger. As a whole, macaws are a successful species, although that is changing because of tropical deforestation and the black market pet trade. People often keep macaws as pets, but they are loud, destructive and not recommended.
Reproduction & Growth
Mating pairs are monogamous and often pair for life. Macaws nest in the holes of trees. The eggs are incubated solely by the female, while the male feeds her. Macaw babies are altricial, born blind and helpless. They stay in the nest for 3 1/2 months. They attain sexual maturity at 2-4 years. Their life span is 30-70 years in captivity.
In the Wild: Fruits, vegetables, seeds. In the Zoo:Large hookbill seed mix, fruits, vegetables.